The Master is granted upon the completion of all the coursework and of a research project by which the candidate shows her/his ability to dominate the topics covered in the course work undertaken in the first three terms. Typically the research project takes the form of a research paper written under the supervision of a member of the Master faculty or of a researcher approved by the Director of the Master. Under certain circumstances, a student may have the opportunity to undertake a stage on a project that is evaluated by the Director of the Master being consistent with the Master goals. In these cases, the research paper can be substituted by an essay detailing the results achieved during the stage, to be written under the supervision of a member of the faculty and/or of the external tutor supervising the stage activity. Both in the case of a research paper and of a stage essay, the candidate will have to defend the results of her/his research during an oral final exam, in which the overall performance of the candidate in the Master will also be assessed.